Monday, October 18, 2010

Reading Comp. 4

[1] Just as we learned with Gothic cathedrals, in the context of each PLACE, the other scales of analysis(ARTIFACT, SPACE, and BUILDING) each demonstrate difference. For each scale on the readings rubric above, EXPLAIN at least one common design language that links them all. Use the principles and elements of design as defined for this class in your response. Explicitly tie the Roth reading to your analysis, using at least one cited quote. [10 points possible]

The new architecture was to be rationally comprehensible, formed of planes and spaces organized according to clear, numerical proportional systems, its edges and intervals delineated by the crisp elements of the ancient architectural orders. It was to be a celebration of human intellectual powers, but it was also an architecture that invited pleasurable human response, and once that door to sensory delight had been opened, there was no holding it shut. (Roth pgs. 391-393).
Classical orders remain throughout the course of time and place that have traveled along with the new settlements of the new world. It is shown through the artifacts, spaces, buildings and the places. Through out the course of time the style periods of Rococo and Early Neo-Classical have changed the styles of interiors and some exteriors, but the classical influences have been present throughout each piece of work that we have seen.
Each artifact found in different stylistic periods has the same concept of intricate design. The artifacts express a more personal position that expresses the owner’s lifestyle. They are symmetrical and balanced with repetitive ornamentation. These artifacts display the owner’s wealth and taste. The importance of these artifacts is that they are functional while being aesthetically pleasing. For example the Desk/Bookcase with Chinoiserie gives this functional yet visually pleasing piece of furniture. The Rococo influenced artifact, has the use of repetition of the flower motif that is symmetrical along both sides of the inside of the cabinet, even though it has a chaotic uncontrolled since of nature, it is still balanced within it. Another example would be the Sheraton Chair; the delicate ornamentation on the back of the chair shows the classical language of swags. Their geometric shapes are contrasted with the back’s ornamentation.

The spaces have the same intricate detail, some heavily ornamented and others simple. But there is still a classical influence in each of them; with geometric patterns, proportions and ornamentation. Each space provides its own contrast within the space; wither it be the contrast of light and dark, or delicate and mass, or even the contrast of the palette of the room with the contrast of the furniture within it. For example in Holkham hall saloon, the rosettes within the octagons create a dynamic texture that borders the top of the room through repetition. One could say that it took inspiration from the coffered ceiling from the pantheon and used the same technique of texture within its cieling. This texture adds to the contrast between the walls and ceiling.

The building themselves reflect past times. They mimic the classics by having classical ornamentation on the porticos. For example, Monticello and Chiswick have gotten inspiration from the villa rotunda, both having a dome on top of a square. The only difference is that both take risks into adding more geometric shapes. The buildings become more focused on geometric symmetry rather than decorating the exteriors. Drayton Hall is another example of the classics expressed in the exterior. The use of the Doric and Ionic orders to emphasized the entrance by the contrast of the materials.The classical orders and language were present in each place and stylistic time period.

[2] Linked to Europe, the ARTIFACTS, SPACES, BUILDINGS, and PLACES of the American colonies echo closely their design forebears. Selecting evidence from all four scales for both the American Georgian periods, TRACE the common design ancestry across the Atlantic Ocean in the Neo-Palladian and Late Georgian periods of England and the Louis XVI/French Provincial period in France. ARTICULATE the implications of copying from Europe for the American colonies. Use the principles and elements of design as defined for this class in your response. Explicitly tie the Roth reading to your analysis, using at least one cited quote. [10 points possible]

To a new world, a new set of rules? When the colonist left their homeland of England, Spain, France, Germany and Holland they brought with them what they knew, architecture, design and craft from the time in which they had left. They brought the influence in which they already grown to understand and the one that they only precedents they had. They only designed for the need of function and from that the beauty of them attached to them.
The artifacts in general were handcrafted out of wood; they used local materials that were available to them. They were very functional and the detail had the sense of boundaries. The artifacts are very symmetrical, and the ornamentation was repetitive, to create balance.
The spaces in general seemed to serve as a multifunctional room, some being more public than others. The color palette in each space had contrast and some central focus. The space was to show the wealth of the person.
The buildings themselves were influenced by the ancestry origin. This also had to deal with the local materials that were available to them. For example, adobe, which was used in Santa Fe, would not have been used in New York City, just because the material itself was not commonly found there.The colonist had trouble putting what they knew to their new environment. They had to change and modify certain things to fit their needs.
[3] From the Hersey/Freedman reading, DESIGN and POST a labeled floor plan of a possible Palladian villa inspired by Girolamo Frescobaldi’s Balletto Terzo found online at this site: select the link on the left side of the page with Frescobaldi’s name under multimedias [5 points possible]

As I was listening to the music, I noticed that there was repetition throughout it. Then in the reading it was listed that Palladio liked using ratio's in his floor plans. So I decided to use the perfect square with the ratio of 1:1 and place them side by side, them from there I Placed a rectangle with a ratio of 2:3, then to finish it the repetition of the the three 1:1 ratio square. From this concept of placing squares side by side the floor plan emerged.

[4] Using the resources at the weblink below, SPECULATE about whether you believe that the architecture and design in the Baroque period stands as a form of social performance in the theatre of the world. Support your response with examples from class and the assigned readings. [5 points possible]

“The world is a stage” a metaphor in which the baroque period embraced. The baroque interiors were filled of dramatic theatrical illusions that transported you from the world that you inhabit into the world in which is created. This world was created through the contrast of light, shade and shadow that were represented by painting, and statues and lighting in the interiors.
An example of a baroque interior with dramatic lighting is The Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. The mirrors reflect the lighting of the interior across the windows, where the natural light penetrates the space. The gold gilded statues also allow the light to shimmer throughout the space. The light illuminates the vaulted ceiling bringing the paintings to life. Creating this never-ending source of light and depth in nature through the paintings.

An example of theatricality is the Trevi Fountain; this fountain provides a sense of movement in which the viewer is engaged into the stillness of the statues in contrast to the moving water. The water also provides this hearing aid along with the visual aid of movement. The statues themselves are life like almost seeming as if they were to breathe and move at any moment along with the water.

Baroque itself became the greater theatre stage that people would have to take a second glance. Its soul purpose was to engage the viewer and create this moment of awe, inspiration, and transport the mindset to a different place. Just like theatre baroque was the drama queen of the stylistic periods.

1 comment:

  1. [1]good use of design principles and elements; nice work [2]good job listing implications, but what bout the specifics on ancestry? also missing roth citation [3]good job [4]nice